I’m working on a social work discussion question and need a sample draft to help me learn.
Respond to two of your colleague’s postings in one or more of the following ways:
- Ask a probing question.
- Share an insight gained from having read your colleague’s posting.
- Offer and support an opinion.
- Make a suggestion.
- Expand on your colleague’s posting.
Post a brief description of the exceptionality you selected.
Exceptional students include such children with mild disabilities as well as students who are identified as academically gifted which can include children with high incidence disabilities such as learning disabilities, mild mental retardation, and mild emotional and behavioral disorders or children who are academically gifted (Estell, 2009, pg. 138). Students with exceptionalities tend to have patterns of social behavior, peer acceptance, and peer affiliations that are distinct from their general education peers. As I currently work with children who have complex traumas or mental health diagnoses such as ADHD, ODD, or PTSD, I have chosen the exceptionally of Aspergers to be the topic for this discussion as he children are displaying difficulties in understanding some social cues which could increase the level of bullying in school. When discussing Aspergers, it is important to recognize 10 characteristics that may be displayed such as intellectual or artistic interests, speech differences, delayed motor development, poor social skills, harmful psychological problems, detail-oriented, persistence, not socially-driver, high integrity, and masters of routine (10 characteristics of a person with Asperger’s syndrome, 2020).
Then, explain two ways the exceptionality may affect family functioning and how.
When looking into the characteristics that are associated with Aspergers, we can see a few characteristics that may impact the family functioning such as poor social skills, harmful psychological problems, and masters of routine. Some may think that masters of routine is a positive trait and it very well can be but it can also be difficult as the mastery becomes obsessive and if the routine is not able to be completed in the same way every time then a behavior may be displayed such as a tantrum or self-harming behavior due to the difficulty to express the emotion they are feeling. Having a behavior when a routine is not able to be completed exactly as the individual needs or wants it to be done, can create a strain on the family dynamic as the parents may need to move onto another task but have to wait until the individual is complete with their routine. This may cause the family to be late or miss out on opportunities in life. Another thing that may difficult and impact family functioning is the difficulties with social skills. The individual may not know how to read social cues as well as a neurotypical child can which can cause them to either feel socially awkward in environments or they may easily offend someone as they are not completely sure of how to properly interact. This may make the family feel that they can’t take the child into social settings which in turn only makes things worse for the child as you are then socially isolating them and not working through the social skills.
Finally, explain one evidence-based intervention and how you might use it to improve family functioning.
One evidence-based intervention that has been proven to be helpful for clients with Aspergers is conjoint behavioral consultation (CBC) which is an indirect form of service delivery that combines the resources of home and school to meet the academic, social, and behavioral needs of children (Wilkinson 2005, pg. 307). Providing a socio-economic approach that can help the client in all aspects of life would be beneficial as the skills utilized in one setting would be transferred to the home environment. It should also be noted that the use of CBS as a framework by joining parents and teachers in the delivery of effective behavioral interventions has been proven to be beneficial. Having a home-school collaboration with active parent engagement is important as students benefit when families are involved in collaborative relationships with school personnel and consequently creates an increased student achievement and fewer discipline problems in the classroom and home.
10 characteristics of a person with Asperger’s syndrome. (2020, April 29). Applied Behavior Analysis Programs Guide. https://www.appliedbehavioranalysisprograms.com/li…
Estell, D. B., Farmer, T. W., Irvin, M. J., Crowther, A., Akos, P., & Boudah, D. J. (2009). Students with Exceptionalities and the Peer Group Context of Bullying and Victimization in Late Elementary School. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 18(2), 136–150.
Wilkinson, L. (2005). Supporting the Inclusion of a Student with Asperger Syndrome: A Case Study using Conjoint Behavioural Consultation and Self‐management. Educational Psychology in Practice, 21(4), 307–326. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1080/026…
Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a collection of movement disorders that affect a person’s ability to maintain balance, posture, and overall movement. It is the most common and prevalent motor disability in childhood (CDC, 2020). The disorders are caused by damage to integral parts of the brain that control posture, balance, and movement or abnormal brain development that inherently affects an individual’s ability to control muscles- cerebral (involving the brain), palsy (problems or weakness in muscles) (CDC, 2020).
There are generally four major classifications of CP- spastic (affects 80% of patients and involves increased muscle tone), dyskinetic (issues controlling movements of arms, hands, legs & feet), ataxic (problems with balance & coordination), and mixed cerebral palsy (CDC, 2020). The signs and symptoms of cerebral palsy vary with patients and the classification. General symptoms include muscle stiffness, poor coordination, muscle tremors, weak muscles, among other visible issues with posture and movement.
How Cerebral Palsy Can Affect Family Functioning
Many CP patients have related conditions like seizures, intellectual disability, issues with hearing, vision, or speech, joint problems (like contractures), and changes in the spine (for example, scoliosis). This essentially means people with CP have special needs because they are deviant from the societal standards of normalcy. It means they have communication, intellectual, communication, and behavioral differences that might make those around them perceive them differently (Mohd Ali & Mohamad Salleh, 2008). It also comes with the underlying need for family members and caregivers of children born with CP to take extra care of them, take more energy and resource input in taking care, and raise them.
As such, a CP diagnosis affects the entire family. Parents are forced to consider approaches and resources required in caregiving. Siblings are also tasked with navigating and making sense of a sister or brother with the condition (Smith, 2018). Members of the extended family are also forced to contemplate their role in the child and their immediate family’s experiences dealing with CP. Parents of children and adolescents with CP report higher levels of stress and depression- 30% of parents with teens or children with CP report stress levels that require professional assistance (Smith, 2018). The depressive and stress effects of CP among parents are associated with lower concentration and performance levels at work and financial issues. It also has the potential to lead parents into marital instability- it often happens when one parent is over-focused on the child and develops resentful feelings towards the other partner.
An Evidence-Based Intervention and How It Can Help Improve Family Functioning
The most frequently studied evidence-based intervention is increasing awareness of the condition. This is because many parents and relatives of children and adolescents living with CP have positive attitudes (Olawale et al., 2013). The only source of family dysfunction in families with a person living with CP is a lack of support and understanding of the condition’s dynamics. There still exist misinformed stereotypes involving children and teens living with CP- more than a third of parents claim members of the society accuse them of some form of wrongdoing that caused the condition (Olawale et al., 2013). Many parents and siblings also report having adequate knowledge of the condition would aid in coping with the stress brought by the condition and would aid them in taking better care of their children or siblings.
CDC. (2020, June 3). What is Cerebral Palsy? | CDC. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/cp/facts.html#:~:text=C…
Mohd Ali, M., & Mohamad Salleh, N. (2008). Similar or Different? Examining Views on Exceptionality among Individuals with and without Special Needs. The International Journal of Diversity in Organizations, Communities, and Nations: Annual Review, 7(6), 335–342. https://doi.org/10.18848/1447-9532/cgp/v07i06/3951…
Olawale, O., Deih, A., & Yaadar, R. (2013). Psychological impact of cerebral palsy on families: The African perspective. Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice, 4(2), 159. https://doi.org/10.4103/0976-3147.112752
Smith, K. (2018, May 21). How to Keep Functioning as a Family When a Child Has Cerebral Palsy | Everyday Health. EverydayHealth.com. https://www.everydayhealth.com/cerebral-palsy/how-…