I’m working on a writing discussion question and need support to help me understand better.
Please reply to each DQ with 100-150 words each.
An information system fundamentally contains five components hardware, software, database, network, and people. These five components would be integrated to perform input, process, output, feedback, and control. The hardware consists of input/output devices, processors, operating systems, and media devices. The softwareconsists of various programs and actions. The database consists of data organized in the required structure (Laudon, J.P,2014). The network contains integration hubs, communication media, and network devices, including appropriate software. People consist of device operators, network administrators, and system specialists, and we could add end-users. Information processing consists of input, data process, data storage, output, and control. During the input stage, data instructions are fed to the systems worked upon by software programs and other queries during the process stage. During the output stage, data is presented in structured format and reports.
Accessibility means to availability of good services within reasonable reach to those who need them and those who use an equivalent system to ensure a comparable experience. In the perspective of Accessibility of the health care system are the facilities goods and care provided among peoples of the same context and equivalent (Schneider,2010). The technology, “accessible,” means tools that can be used positively by persons with a wide choice of capabilities and disabilities. When technology is available, each user can interact with it in ways that work best for anyone. Accessible technology is either directly available, whereby it is practical without supplementary assistive technology, or it is compatible with assistive technology. Accessibility features are elements specifically designed to improve equal access. For example, a smartphone with a built-in screen reader is directly reachable or accessible. In contrast, a website that can be navigated effectively by people with visual impairments using a screen reader such as an audio reader is Assistive Technology compatible. Other than this, we still have few more features such as Image alt text, Keyboard accessibility, Sequential heading structure, Accessible hyperlinks, and Consistent navigation.
The types of Information Systems – Components and Classification of Information Systems. (2021). Retrieved 20 May 2021, from https://www.managementstudyguide.com/types-of-information-systems.htm
Laudon, K.C., and Laudon, J. P. (2014) Management Information Systems, thirteenth edition. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson.
Valacich, J. and Schneider,. C. (2010). Information Systems Today – Managing in the Digital World, fourth edition. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Do, W., Questions, F., Website, H., Tools, C., Toolkit, M., & Workplace, D. et al. (2021). Technological Accessibility. Retrieved 20 May 2021, from https://askearn.org/topics/creating-an-accessible-and-welcoming-workplace/technological-accessibility
According to Geeks for Geeks, they explain there are five components that make up information systems. These components consist of “computer hardware, computer software, databases, network, and human resources” (Geeks for Geeks, 2021). In the context of IT systems accessibility means “ensuring an equivalent experience for everyone who will use a particular system. Accessibility means that everyone can perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with that system. The aim of accessibility is that there should be no system- related barriers to people contributing equally” (Fitzell, 2015). Accessibility applies to the health care setting in an imperative way because healthcare professionals and patients should be able to understand and navigate health systems to review health history, medications, medical notes, test results, make/ reschedule appointments, and the promotion of seamless interaction between provider and patient. An example of accessibility in the context of IT systems is my facility was using an old EMR system called Quadra Med, this system made documentation long and repetitive. We currently have now upgraded to a new system that we call H20/ EPIC. EPIC “connects the hospitals, emergency rooms, primary, and specialty outpatient services, and the health system’s home care agency into one unified medical records and finance information system to help clinicians deliver safe, efficient care, and allows patients easy access to their records through a secure patient portal called MyChart” (Health and Hospitals, 2020). The benefits of Epic will be identified in the following points:
- Improves workflow and supports safe transitions of care with all healthcare professionals.
- The program is user friendly, secure, and password protected.
- Allows for more concise, detailed, and non-repetitive documentation.
- Allows patients to have easy access to personal health records. Patients can access MyChart, which is an online portal where they can access it from a tablet, smartphone, or computer. In this portal the patient can view their test results, send messages to their providers, make/ reschedule appointments, request letters, and prescription refills.
Fitzell, J. (2015). Accessibility and usability of IT systems – Professional Architects Australia. Professional Architects Australia. Retrieved from http://www.professionalsaustralia.org.au/architects/blog/accessibility-and-usability-of-it-systems/#:~:text=In%20the%20context%20of%20IT,and%20interact%20with%20that%20system.
Health information technology applies information processing involving computer hardware and software that deals with the storage, retrieval, sharing, and use of health care information, health data, and knowledge for communication and decision making including few defined workflows. Information technology enhances the quality of care and coordination in care. Information technology applied in health care supports the health information administration across computerized and electronic systems and the secure exchange of health information between consumers, providers, payers, and quality monitors (Kohn LT). For example, electronic health records were viewed as the most important and valuable tool for improving the health delivery system’s overall quality, safety, and efficiency. We have multiple benefits of health information technology; it improves health care, quality productivity, and efficiency. The IT process prevents medical errors, increases health care accuracy and procedural correctness, and reduces healthcare costs.
Adopting the IT process in the health care industry would Increase administrative efficiencies and the health Care work process and decrease paperwork and unproductive or idle work time, so healthcare professionals concentrate on patient care in this time. It provides an exemplary architecture of real-time communications of health informatics among health care professionals, which potentially reduces medical errors and extends access to affordable care (Brailer D,2004). Other than that, we have few more advantages, such as Electronic physician’s orders and E-prescribing, Clinical decision support, Electronic sign-out, and hand-off tools, Bar code medication administration, Smart pumps, Automated medication dispensing technology retained surgical items prevention technology, Patient electronic portals, Telemedicine, Synchronous telemedicine, Remote patient monitoring, and Electronic incident reporting
Not only the advantages but few challenges for health information technology also would be addressed. The technology may introduce a new source of error which would potentially cause some obstacles such as lack of experience from Prescriber and staff may lead to a false sense of security (Nuckols TK et al.). But in turn, the technology would suggest a course of action so that the errors would be avoided. Similarly, the Shortcut or default selections can override non-standard medical terminology; it may cause misuses and unfair treatment. Irrelevant or frequent warnings (alarm fatigues) can interrupt workflow. This (Alarm fatigue) is one of the biggest challenges in health care information technology. I hope we may discuss this in detail in upcoming sessions.
Kohn LT, Corrigan JM, Donaldson MS. To Err Is Human [Internet] [[cited 2000]]. Available from: http://www.nap.edu/catalog/9728.
Brailer D. The decade of health information technology, Framework for Strategic Action [Internet] [[cited 2004]]. Available from: http://www.providersedge.comcentric_and_info-rich_hc.pdf
Nuckols TK, Smith-Spangler C, Morton SC, Asch SM, Patel VM, Anderson LJ, et al. The effectiveness of computerized order entry at reducing preventable adverse drug events and medication errors in hospital settings:
Devine EB, Hansen RN, Wilson-Norton JL, Lawless NM, Fisk AW, Blough DK, et al. The impact of computerized provider order entry on medication errors in a multi-specialty group practice