I’m working on a nursing case study and need support to help me understand better.
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Disease screening refers to screening tests carried out to detect possible health issues and sicknesses in individuals who do not exhibit symptoms of the disease (Wilson et al., 2017). Early detection and way-of-life changes can minimize the risk of illness and/or can discover it in time to manage it most effectively. A variety of screening tests are accessible. Diagnostics screening tests are carried out to determine the cause of particular symptoms. The screening tests are carried out on individuals who do not feel ill to detect disease in its early stages before any symptoms begin to show. Early screening helps to counter the disease; early treatment results in better health outcomes compared to when the disease is treated at a later stage. I have had experience with screening diseases, hearing screenings, and opportunistic screenings.
There are various kinds of screening, and hearing tests are a screening that is conducted on all infants. I had an experience with hearing screening for infants, which was done using a combination of Otoacoustic Emissions and Automated Auditory Brainstem Response (Hamam & Purnami, 2020). The hearing screening is done while the infants are still in the hospital. Some mothers are apprehensive about getting their babies screened. Such is due to fear that their babies may be among the small percentage of infants who fail the initial hearing screen, creating worry that they could be among the few who turn out to have permanent hearing loss. Sometimes hearing screening in some infants may fail due to vernix in the ear canal, middle ear having some fluid, or due to crying or movement of the infant during the test. A failure is likely to cause panic in mothers because the child may have permanent hearing loss.
For opportunistic screening, I have had an experience where a patient went to the doctor for dementia. While there, the client was given an additional test offer for blood pressure measurement. The patient was somewhat hesitant, arguing that they did not have a history with high blood pressure. Their hesitance indicated anxiety often experienced by most people who assume that screening tests are always done to discover a disease.
To respond to patients who are apprehensive about getting a screening for certain diseases, I would help the patient understand the benefits (Wilson et al., 2017). First, I would make them know that early detection may lead to better medical care and management, minimizing complication risks while maximizing better health outcome chances. Second, I would make them know that it may help them discover risks, diseases, or disorders that they did not know they had. Thirdly, it would help prevent some diseases and present an opportunity for timely treatments. Lastly, I would help them understand that early detection and medical care would provide their body with the best defense against the detected condition. Generally, I would aim to help the patients understand that there is no need to panic during screening. Such is the case because screening is meant to manage their health better while still cautioning them about possible risks to help them make informed decisions.
Hamam, K., & Purnami, N. (2020). NEWBORNS HEARING SCREENING WITH OTOACOUSTIC EMISSIONS AND AUDITORY BRAINSTEM RESPONSE. Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health Research, 1(1).
Wilson, C., Hargreaves, T., & Hauxwell-Baldwin, R. (2017). Benefits and risks of smart home technologies. Energy Policy, 103, 72-83.