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Prior to beginning work on this Learning Activity, read Chapter 14 Strategies for Decreasing Stressful Behaviors in the course text. This week’s Behavior Change Theories and Strategies interactive in your online classroom allows you to review techniques for controlling stressful behaviors and behavior change theories. The learning activity contains 14 questions and is worth 7% of your course grade. You may retake the learning activity as many times as you want in the current week, but once you submit your scores, you can no longer retake the learning activity.
Stress and the College Student
|Activity||Due Date||Format||Grading Percent|
|College Students and Stress Case Study||Day 3
|Behavior Change Theories and Strategies Interactive||Day 7||Learning Activity||7|
Weekly Learning Outcomes
This week students will
- Analyze the connection between specific stress factors and health impacts through the completion of a case.
- Prepare appropriate interventions for an assigned case study, while considering minority-related.
- Apply the stages of change and health belief model theories to personal.
Welcome to Week 4! This week, you will have the opportunity to further explore the connection between stress and health by completing a case study focusing on college students’ stressors. You will be able to design interventions for this student and apply stages of change and health belief model theories to your own life via the Behavior Change Theories and Strategies Interactive learning activity. We only have two weeks left in this course so stay strong and focused!
Greenberg, J. S. (2021). Comprehensive stress management (15th ed.). McGraw Hill.
Chapter 4: Stress and the College Student
Chapter 13: Physiological Arousal Interventions
Chapter 14: Strategies for Decreasing Stressful Behaviors
The full-text version of this ebook is available through the RedShelf platform. This book is a comprehensive text on how to manage stress. Chapter 4 discusses specific stressors for the college student, Chapter 13 discusses physiological interventions of dealing with stress, while Chapter 14 provides strategies for decreasing stressful behaviors. These chapters will assist you with your College Students and Stress Case Study discussion forum this week. Chapter 14 will assist with completing the Behavior Change Theories and Strategies Interactive learning activity this week.
Baghurst, T., & Kelley, B. C. (2014). An examination of stress in college students over the course of a semester. Health Promotion Practice, 15(3), 438–447. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524839913510316
The full-text version of this article can be accessed through the SAGE Journals Online database in the University of Arizona Global Campus Library. This research study examined various stress intervention methods and their impact on stress levels by male and female college It will assist you with your College Students and Stress Case Study discussion forum this week.
University of Arizona Global Campus. (2020). Behavior change theories and strategies [Interactive]. Canvas@UAGC. https://login.uagc.edu
This interactive is available through your online classroom. It provides information about different behavior change theories and strategies used to help manage stress and will assist you with your Behavior Change Theories and Strategies Interactive learning activity this week.
Vandiver, P. (Director). (2012). Help! I’m stressed [Video]. Learning Zone Xpress.
The full version of this video can be accessed through the Films On Demand database in the University of Arizona Global Library. This video provides insight into the many stresses experienced by students. It recommends stress management strategies to minimize or prevent It will assist you with your College Students and Stress Case Study discussion forum this week. This video has closed captioning and a transcript.
Mayo Clinic Staff. (2020, August 18). Exercise and stress: Get moving to manage stress. http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/stress…
This webpage further highlights the tremendous health benefits of exercise relating to stress. It also provides recommendations for maintaining an active It will assist you with your College Students and Stress Case Study discussion forum this week.
Teens and college students. (n.d.). Anxiety and Depression Association of America. https://adaa.org/finding-help/college-students
This webpage provides additional insight and resources into stress and anxiety of college students. It will assist you with your College Students and Stress Case Study discussion forum this week.
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Hunter, R. F., McAneney, H., Davis, M., Tully, M. A., Valente, T. W., & Kee, F. (2015). “Hidden” social networks in behavior change interventions. American Journal of Public Health, 105(3), 513–516. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2014.302399
The full-text version of this article can be accessed through the CINAHL Complete database in the Ashford University Library. The authors of this study examined the influence of social networks in relation to a physical activity behavior change This article may assist you with your College Students and Stress Case Study discussion forum this week.
Week 4 Instructor Guidance
Welcome to Week 4
You made it to the fourth week in HWE 415 and are now past the half-way point! Hopefully you enjoyed evaluating the link between religion, spirituality, and health last week. We also studied different relaxation techniques and the health benefits relating to such. This week we will focus on college students and the stressors frequently experienced among this group. In addition, you will study behavior change interventions and strategies for minimizing stressful behaviors.
In Week 4, you will:
- Analyze the connection between specific stress factors and health impacts through the completion of a case study.
- Prepare appropriate interventions for an assigned case study while considering minority-related stressors.
- Apply the Stages of Change and Health Belief model theories to personal behaviors.
As you read through the course materials and complete the assignments for Week 4, please consider the following questions:
- How can you reduce stress juggling school, work, and family obligations?
- Which behavior change interventions exist and how applicable are they to your situation?
- Which strategies will help me in reducing stressful situations?
Week 4 Concepts:
Great news: you only have two assignments on your to-do list for this week! Your first assignment, the weekly discussion, will explore a group you should be very familiar with: college students. As you may know from personal experience, college students frequently face many challenging and stressful situations. You will get a chance to study common triggers and appropriate interventions for such. Review the case scenario of Bri-Anne or Joe, according to the first letter of your last name. You will need to examine the link between the stress factors of the assigned student and his or her health. Just ensure you include all elements and meet the respective length and resource requirement, as outlined in the prompt. Your peer replies must address the guided response prompt and include one scholarly source for support. Don’t forget to cite all sources used; if a source is listed in the reference section, it must also be cited within your work. Many students forget this… This should be an interesting discussion and I look forward to seeing your responses in the forum this week!
The second item to complete this week is a learning activity. In your Week 4 Learning Activity, you will further examine and apply the theories of the Stages of Change and Health Belief model to either alter or embrace a healthy behavior. You get to learn about Candace as she works to create a healthier lifestyle. This quiz is not timed, but you must take it in one sitting. The quiz can be retaken as many times as you want in Week 4, but scores must be submitted by the end of week 4. Once scores are submitted, the quiz cannot be retaken. The quiz cannot be reset so do not submit scores until you are satisfied with your score. Enjoy your second to last week in this class…
The Link between Stress, Exercise, and our Health
In past courses as well as this one, you have learned about many of the tremendous benefits of exercise. Regular exercise can also reduce stress and ensure an overall healthier state of mind. Research demonstrates that exercise improves cognitive functioning and concentration. Exercise releases endorphins, a neurotransmitter. Endorphins produce feelings of happiness and well-being. Endorphins are also termed ‘natural painkillers’ and sleep-aids as they improve the quality of our sleep. Furthermore, another chemical substance is created during exercise: dopamine. Dopamine is known to act as an antidepressant. The hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine are released as well during exercise. These hormones are being maintained at increased levels throughout the length of the exercise session. Once you stop exercising, epinephrine and norepinephrine will no longer be secreted; however, this process will result in a feeling of calmness. This body function demonstrates why exercise is a very effective stress-management strategy (Greenberg, 2021; Anxiety and Depression Association of America, 2015).
As if these benefits were not convincing enough, regular exercise can also minimize tension, improve mood, and increase self-esteem. The strong link between exercise and mood is underscored when reading the following statistic: “Stress and anxiety are a normal part of life, but anxiety disorders, which affect 40 million adults, are the most common psychiatric illnesses in the U.S. The benefits of exercise may well extend beyond stress relief to improving anxiety and related disorders” (Anxiety and Depression Association of America, 2015, para. 4).
According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (2015), several studies have proven that even simple physical activities, such as walking, can provide a few hours of pain relief. This pain relief through exercise is comparable to head-ache pain relief medication. However, while this benefit may be short in duration, regular exercise can aid in long-term pain reduction. Lower rates of anxiety and depression were also demonstrated in physically active individuals when compared to a sedentary group. In fact, one study demonstrated that the risk for anxiety and depression can be minimized by 25 percent (Anxiety and Depression Association of America, 2015).
Exercise can help improve the quality of our lives and expand our life expectancy. While the adherence to a regular exercise regimen can be a challenge at times, given our busy schedules and obligations, we should make every effort to incorporate and adhere to exercising. This will help us in reaping the benefits for the sake of our physical and mental health and well-being. Fun and enjoyable physical activities and exercises should be chosen to increase exercise adherence (Mayo Clinic, 2015). Learn about the many strategies for minimizing stressful behaviors and the adoption of healthy behaviors in Chapter 14 of your course text. Specific behavior change theories will be explored which can help you in the quest of a healthier and happier you!
Here is a great podcast by Dr. Karen Cassiday (Links to an external site.) on Exercise in the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders. It is approximately 5 minutes in length. Dr. Cassiday is the owner and clinical director of the Anxiety and Agoraphobia Treatment Center, Ltd. in Northbrook, Illinois and shares her insight and expertise pertaining to this topic.
Anxiety and Depression Association of America (2015). Exercise for stress and anxiety. http://www.adaa.org/living-with-anxiety/managing-a…
Greenberg, J. (2021). Comprehensive stress management (15th ed.). McGraw Hill
Mayo Clinic (2015). Exercise and stress: get moving to manage stress (Links to an external site.). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/stress…